Trauma-based & Family Psychotherapy For Angry, Anxious, Depressed, and Frustrated Families

Dysfunctional Mechanisms & Understanding 7 Common Types

Dysfunctional defense mechanisms Defense mechanismsDysfunctional behaviors may manifest as harmful defense mechanisms.

Can you think of any common behaviors in your family that may have really been defense mechanisms instead?


In this article, I will discuss this concept a bit further.

Defense mechanisms are tactics and tools used to avoid something that is either emotionally or psychologically too difficult to handle directly. Defense mechanisms serve to maintain dysfunction in a family because of the passive-aggressive nature of them. Things don’t get better until someone in the family begins to objectively evaluate the status of the communication that defense mechanisms become important.

What are the defense mechanisms?

Defense mechanisms can take many forms and often come in the form of abusive reactions to unpleasant reality. Defense mechanisms include gas lighting, stonewalling, displacement, sublimation, ignoring and minimizing, refusal and unnecessary opposition, substance abuse/use and compensation.

When I worked in a juvenile delinquency program several years ago, I saw these mechanisms at work. I recognized that many of the families associated with these youths hid behind the wall of defenses. These defenses resulted in their children becoming another statistic in the criminal justice system.


Can defense mechanisms be fixed?

Fixing defense mechanisms will require cooperation and a deep desire to change in everyone within the family. It is also going to require patience, self-exploration, education, and family psychotherapy.

In this video, I discuss and explain the defense mechanisms a further.

As always, I wish you well

*CORONA VIRUS UPDATE1050 Lincoln Way, Ste 1 - Pittsburgh PA

States across the nation are passing laws, reducing restrictions, and enacting new regulations to help support the transition from stay-at-home orders to the normal flow of life again.

To keep everyone at Anchored Child & Family Counseling safe, I will only be opening the office for in-person sessions 1 day of the week. The other days of the week will consist of teletherapy sessions until the mask wearing restrictions are reduced or eliminated and corona virus cases have gone down.

My office assistant and I will be monitoring insurance policies for any changes to corona-related cost share, copayment, and coinsurance policies. I will be checking and rechecking insurance policies to ensure you will be covered for teletherapy. At this time, all major insurance companies (UPMC, Highmark, Aetna, Optum/United, and Cigna) are continuing to provide coverage for teletherapy into September 2020.

Please check (the practice website) for updates and my business facebook page at:

Please continue to stay safe!
Thank you



Támara Hill, MS, NCC, CCTP, LPC

Licensed Child & Family Therapist
National Board Certified Counselor
Internationally Certified Trauma Therapist

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